Chen Tao (Director)
Melody of Dragon, Inc.
53-19 195th Street
Fresh Meadows, NY
Xun is a blowing instrument found in
China's primitive society. The imitation of bird and animal
sounds by the ancestors explains a possible reason for its
coming into existence. Originally used as an instrument to
attract wild animals during hunting, the gradual addition of
holes turned it into a melodious instrument on which tunes
could be played.
The xun found in the primitive society
were of various shapes. The pottery xun excavated at the
Hemudu ruins are in an oval shape and are estimated to be 7000
years old. The ruins are located in Yuyao county of Zhejiang.
These xuns have holes for "blowing" but not for
"sound". Another primitive type of xun was a
one-hole whistle, made of very refined mud and moulded in the
shape of an olive. This was found at the Yangshao cultural
ruins in Banpo Village of Xi'an in Shangxi, and has an
estimated history of 6000 years.
The Tanghu Xunpu compiled by Wu Xuyuan
in the Qing dynasty (1888 AD, the 14th year of the reign of
Emperor Guangxu) was the only collection of xun scores
formally published in history. Found in the publication were
drawings showing the proper way of fingering the instrument,
and the various musical contexts in which it could be used.
There were also tunes such as Beijishengcao, Suonanzhi and
Lanhuamei notated in the style of the guqin jianzipu( a
certain notation used only by the stringed instrument called a
home :: email
explore & learn more about the Chinese music traditions.
Click here, to hear the
meet our musicians.
copyright 2004, by melody of dragon.